QuantumLeap XAS

Chemical speciation and electronic structure with
X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy (XAS)

The QuantumLeap is the first laboratory X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) with synchrotron-like performance to provide critical information on oxidation states, bond lengths and interatomic distances, electron symmetry, and more. Specific performance parameters:

  • XANES can be provided at sub-eV energy resolution on the range of minutes to an hour

  • EXAFS at high throughput in seconds to minutes

  • Wide energy coverage range for analysis of a broad range of elements

  • MicroXANES at 100 micron spot size

The system enables cutting-edge research, including:

  • Catalysts: chemical states of oxides, nitrides, and carbides; size of clusters

  • Batteries/fuel cells/solar cells: oxidation state of transition metals (e.g. in lithium ion batteries) as a function of charge and discharge cycles

  • Nanoparticles: characterization of structure, size, and composition

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What is XAS? 

X-ray absorption spectroscopy involves measuring the transmission of x-rays as a function of increasing x-ray energy in small steps at energies close to the absorption edge (binding energy) of an element of interest, such as iron (Fe). Such measurements yield critical insight on chemical states, such as oxidation states, and electronic structure, such as bond lengths and electron geometry surrounding the atom.

 
The two regimes of XAS: XANES (structures nearest to the edge) and EXAFS (typically includes structures around 1 keV above the absorption edge)

The two regimes of XAS: XANES (structures nearest to the edge) and EXAFS (typically includes structures around 1 keV above the absorption edge)

 

XAS is comprised of two regimes:

  1. X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES/NEXAFS) region: Comprising x-ray energies nearest to the absorption edge (approximately 100 eV around the edge), this region exhibits sharp resonance peaks and more related to local atomic state (such as chemical state).

  2. Extended fine structure (EXAFS) are features that appear after the XANES region and up to 1000 eV or greater than the absorption edge. These features appear as gentle oscillations in the measured signal, and is caused by the multiple scattering of the ejected electron by surrounding atoms. Information in this region can be used to infer neighboring atom information, including bond lengths and chemical coordination environments.

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QuantumLeap Capabilities 

The QuantumLeap XAS system provides: high resolution (sub-eV) XANES and high throughput (within seconds) EXAFS. A demonstration of the system’s powerful capabilities can be seen below for Fe chemical state analysis, with acquisitions performed at sub-eV energy resolution. Results match synchrotron performance.

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Example of QuantumLeap data on an aged and un-aged LiFePO4 battery

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Patented INNOVATIONS for the QuantumLeap

The synchrotron-like performance is enabled by Sigray’s key patented innovations in XAS acquisition approach, new high efficiency x-rays optics, and its high brightness multi-target x-ray source.

A fully detailed technical analysis of the system and its innovative components can be found in the white paper.

QuantumLeap Interest

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